Paper topic

Pizza

Have You Ever Wondered…
• Who invented pizza?
• How long has pizza been around?
• How it became the world’s favourite food?
• What goes into making a single pizza, or eating pizza once a week for a lifetime?
• How varieties of pizza got their name?
• How pizza influenced our culture and the other way around?

Then you are in luck.

First of all, who invented the very first pizza. This is where we run into our first problem. How do we define a pizza. The first flat pieces of bread where baked in ovens in Egyptians times. There is a good chance that somebody there once put something on that bread but there we encounter our second problem. Pizza is very old and structured documentations isn’t. The first real records of breads with toppings of local spices were in ancient Greek and Roman times , those dishes are now called focaccia bread.

The pizza we’re all familiar with — the kind with tomato sauce, cheese, and toppings —originated in Italy. The baker Raffaele Esposito from Naples is often given credit for creating the first pizza. On the break between the 17th and 18th century.

There are also preserved breads from the ancient Romans. This one was found in Pompeii, it even looks like there a triangled (pizza) slices. In Pompeii there were real bakeries. The bread from the photo even has a stamp from the baker on it.

After the pizza as we know it today became popular, it spread to Spain, France, England, and the United States via Italian immigrants. But it was not until the second World War when soldier started praising food they ate overseas that pizza became the western world’s favourite dish. The very first pizzeria in the United States opened its doors in 1905 by Gennaro Lombardi in New York City, and they are still open to this day and use the same oven!!! Gennaro sold his pizza to the city’s factory workers. Back then it costed five cents per pie, it made pizza easily accessible. Thanks to people like Gennaro, pizza spread spread the world — first to Chicago later across the rest of the country. Then something funny happened. The Americans changed the Italian pizza slowly overtime. A ameican style pizza was born. The American pizza then spread back the Italy and the rest of the world like blue jeans and rock&roll.
Fun fact: Pizza is enjoy by one in eight US citizens every day. Together Americans consume 350 slices op pizza each second.

Sources:

https://wonderopolis.org/wonder/who-invented-pizza
http://www.thefreshloaf.com/node/42934/artisan-pompeii-miche
http://www.refinery29.com/pizza-obsession-reason

I used three different main sources, miniscule other bits from the internet and common sense and knowledge to write this piece. I think that they are fairly trust worthy because I compared differences between sources. When the source isn’t sure it uses words like, probably and most likely. Also there is no apparent motive to lie about the origins of pizza. There is no possible political agenda here and not a lot of money to be made from alter this data from the truth.

What goes into making a single pizza, or eating pizza once a week for a lifetime?

One pizza with a 250 grams dough ball contains 57% water. It also contains 156.1 grams of flour, 89 ml of water, 4.7 grams of salt and 0.3 grams fresh yeast on average. We consume around 251,770,000 pounds of pepperonis every year, in fact 36% of all pizza orders get pepperoni on their pizza.

One single pizza will provide someone with 25% of their total daily energy. That is roughly 2175 Kilojoule. And in a typical pizza-eating session, 744 calories is consumed. Each slice of an average pizza is 123 calories. If you would eat one pizza once a week for 80 years, that’s 4.174 pizzas, you would have consumed 9.078.877 Kilojoule and 3.105.456 calories! 4.174 pizzas of average size would take 651.561 grams (651 kilogram) of flour, 19.618 grams of salt and 371.486 ml (371 L) of water.

That amount of flour doesn’t even come close to the amount the largest pizza ever made needed, which needed 4500 kg. The pizza was 37.4 meters in diameter, needed 4500 kg of flour, 90 kg of salt, 1800 kg of cheese, and 900 kg of tomato puree. Patrick Bertoletti holds a word record for eating 47 slices of 16 inch pizza in 10 minutes. That means if he could keep this pace up he could eat the world’s largest pizza in 7.2 hours. It was eaten by over 30000 people. The pizza was 44457lb and supplied 90000 slices.

Most of these calories are consumed on Saturday night, as that is the most popular time to eat pizza. And the peaking point will probably be a couple of minutes after the weather in the TV news, that is the most popular time to order pizza. Americans eat about 404690 m² of pizza every day, that’s 350 slices per second!

Extra :

As you would expect, the pizza industry is vast: over 5 billion pizzas are sold worldwide each year. And pizzerias represent 17% of all restaurants in the world. The easiest example to find, the US, has a Pizza industry of 30 billion dollars. Over 3 billion pizzas are sold every year in the US.

The most expensive pizza ever created was made by Domenico Crolla who created a
$2,745 (2327.25 euros) priced pizza which included toppings such as sun blush-tomato sauce, Scottish smoked salmon, medallions of venison, edible gold, lobster marinated in the finest cognac and champagne-soaked caviar.

Facts:

-Women are twice as likely as men to order vegetables on their pizza

-In Italy there is a bill before Parliament to safeguard the traditional Italian pizza, specifying permissible ingredients and methods of processing (e.g., excluding frozen pizzas). Only pizzas which followed these guidelines could be called “traditional Italian pizzas”, at least in Italy.

-Italians eat on average half a pound of bread daily!

-Mozzarella is picked rather than other cheese because it has the best baking properties. Mozzarella is found on 60% of pizza menus, and there’s a reason for its supremacy. According to a group of scientists in New Zealand who analyzed the baking properties of cheeses normally found on pizza, mozzarella has the highest moisture, the lowest quantity of free oil, good elasticity, and “a unique stretch ability.”

-Pizza Deliverers claim women are better tippers

-Men wearing muscle shirts order pepperoni 3 times more than any other kind of pizza.

Global toppings:

-Amsterdam, hotdogs


-Japan, squid, Mayo Jaga (mayonnaise, potato and bacon)

-Costa Rica, coconut


-Australia, shrimp, pineapple, BBQ sauce pizza


-India, pickled ginger, minced mutton, tofu

-Brazil, green peas

-France, bacon, onion, fresh crème


-Saudi Arabia, beef

-Russia, sardines, tuna, mackerel, salmon, red onions

-China, eel

-Germany, egg

Sources:

Pizza Dough Proportions, Automatic Calculator


http://pizza.com/fun-facts
http://www.italyfoodculture.com/10-fun-italian-food-facts-kids/

These sources seemed reliable as one of them, ( http://www.italyfoodculture.com/10-fun-italian-food-facts-kids/ ) was also published in a magazine: “popular food in Italy”. A magazine makes it more reliable because I believe an article writer would do his/her research before publishing their article.

The second site also seemed reliable as its domain is pizza.com and it has a trade mark from 2017. This would indicate that the site was updated and someone bought the pizza.com domain so wouldn’t waste their money and thus do good research before posting.

The other seemed reliable because it was well organised, well put together.

How varieties of pizza got their name

Pizza and pizza-like creations originate, of course, from Italy. Multiple different regions claim the honor of having invented this popular dish. But, a lot of people probably came up with the idea of putting a topping on a flat piece of dough themselves already. It is not very unusual to bake a bread and flavour it with something for a meal because it is very easy to do.

Overall, many people claim the pizza was invented in Naples. Flatbreads already existed before the 1700s, but they were not topped with tomatoes yet. Those tomatoes are now one of the most defining characteristics of a pizza, they cannot be missed. When tomatoes were introduced in Europe in the 16th century, people assumed they were poisonous. For this reason they were not eaten. Only some poor peasant in Naples used them as a topping on their dough in the late 18th century. From then on the dish became very popular among Italians. People came all the way to Naples to try this specialty. The name of Pizza Alla Napoletana originates from this story.
Pizza Marinara’s name also derives from Naples. The pizza without cheese, was originally prepared by ‘’la marinara’’ for her husband when, after some time, he came back from one of his fishing trips.
Furthermore, some pizza names are very logical. For example, Pizza Quattro Stagioni, which is Italian for ‘four seasons’, is a pizza that represents.. the four seasons! Likewise, the name of Pizza Quattro Formagi originates form the use of a four different cheese combination.
On the other hand, the all so famous Pizza Margherita, has a somehow more special story. It was created by the baker Raffaele Esposito who worked at a pizzeria in Naples. In 1889, King Umberto I and Queen Margherita visited Naples and the Queen wanted to eat something local. So, Raffaele cooked for them. He created this pizza for them which he then named after Queen Margherita. She was very charmed by the appearance of the pizza and thought it looked wonderful because the colours of the pizza, red, white and green, reminded her of the Italian flag.
Whatever the real origins of the pizza recipe are and wherever their names come from, after Raffaele, pizza has grown into the most recognisable symbol of Italian food culture in the world. And besides the fact that the royal house in Italy is long gone. The Margherita is still the most popular pizza today.

Sources:

The Origin of Margherita Pizza
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pizza_margherita
http://www.history.com/news/hungry-history/a-slice-of-history-pizza-through-the-ages
https://www.thespruce.com/what-is-neapolitan-pizza-2708762

I have looked up plenty of different sources. If you look at one individual one, you can perhaps question its reliability. But the stories told in each one of them matched with each other. So, in my opinion, the sources were reliable enough to use them for my piece of writing.